Kautilya Arthashastra (Penguin Classics)
Kautilya: The Arthashastra, published in 2000 by Penguin Classics is the English edition of the classic treatise on classical economics and political science by the ancient Indian philosopher Kautilya. The text of this great book includes 15 books, each addressing one topic pertaining to the state and its economy. The books include topics like the law, the king, foreign policy, discipline, capturing a fortress, and the duties of the government rulers. Kautilya explains in detail the duties and virtues of an ideal king. The descriptions include a break up of what the ideal king should do during the course of the day and how the king should behave in typical situations. The Arthashashtra also includes detailed strategies like gift, bribery, illusion, and strength to deal with the neighbouring countries. The other important sections of the book include maintenance of law and order in the state,taxation, preserving forests and wildlife, and how to protect the State from all types of embezzlement and theft, running a spy network, and many other wise diplomatic tips. The book discusses how the Mauryans protected their environment,and natural resources such as rivers, mines, forest wealth, including trees and animals. The importance of maintaining law and order for smooth functioning of the state is also given importance.